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Publications and Presentations by Inera

Demystifying JATS & BITS with eXtyles & Typefi
CEO Bruce Rosenblum joined Eric Damitz, Senior Solutions Consultant for Typefi, for a joint presentation in May 2016. Demonstrating an eXtyles-Typefi workflow, Bruce and Eric show how to leverage these complementary solutions to simplify your editorial and publishing processes, dramatically speed up production, and produce quality XML – without any additional effort or XML knowledge.
To view the recorded presentation, click here!

Wrangling Math from Microsoft Word into JATS XML Workflows
Inera Customer Support and QA Project Lead Caitlin Gebhard and CEO Bruce Rosenblum clarify the different forms of equations that can be encountered in Word documents and discuss the issues and idiosyncrasies of converting these various forms to MathML, LaTeX, and/or images in the JATS XML model. This paper also touches on workflow alternatives for handling equations in various rendering environments and how those downstream requirements may affect the means of equation extraction from Word documents. This paper was presented at JATS-Con 2016.

JATS and Its Role in Scholarly Publishing
Inera CEO Bruce Rosenblum discusses the evolution of NLM and JATS, the internationalization of JATS, the relationship between JATS and the standards ecosystem, and the uses and future of JATS XML. This keynote address was presented at JATS-Con Asia 2015. Presentation materials and video can be found on the JATS-Con Asia program page.

XML Publication Workflows for Standards
Inera CEO Bruce Rosenblum presents an overview of XML workflow options for standards bodies that includes an ISO case study. This article is reproduced with the permission of SES, the Society for Standards Professionals. The article was first published in Standards Engineering, the official SES Journal, Vol. 65, No. 6, November/December 2013. For subscription or membership information, contact SES at

Variations in XML Reference Tagging in Scholarly Publication.
Inera CEO Bruce Rosenblum provides a brief history of reference tagging in SGML and XML. The paper discusses specific reference markup structures in the Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS), from the common to the arcane. The evolution from <citation> and <nlm-citation> to the newer <mixed-citation> and <element-citation> elements in 3.x is reviewed, including a discussion of the workflow implications of each model. Rosenblum concludes with some observations about the intersection among reference markup, online reference linking, and the true meaning of references in the world of electronic publishing. This paper was presented at JATS-Con 2011.

NLM Journal Publishing DTD Flexibility: How and Why Applications of the NLM DTD Vary Based on Publisher-Specific Requirements
On the basis of a review of more than 20 implementations of the DTD, this paper discusses various interpretations chosen by a range of publishers as well as the business or technical requirements that led to those decisions. The implications, pro and con, of this flexibility are examined. The paper concludes with the suggestion that this flexibility is one factor that has led to wide adoption of the NLM DTD Suite. Presented at JATS-Con 2010 by Inera CEO Bruce Rosenblum.

A Standard XML Document Format: The Case for the Adoption of the NLM DTD?
Presented in 2006 at an event jointly organized by the Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers and Scholarly Information Strategies.

Automated Quality Assurance for Heuristic-Based XML Creation Systems 
A study of the stability of XML conversion system applications maintained by regularly conducted, automated regression testing. Presented at Extreme Markup 2004.

E-Journal Archive DTD Feasibility Study 
A report prepared under a Mellon Foundation grant for the Harvard University Libraries that surveys the DTDs of ten journal publishers.

A Decade of DTDs and SGML in Scholarly Publishing: What Have We Learned? 
A review of how DTDs reflect the business requirements of publishers in journal publishing. Presented at Extreme Markup 2002.

Interviews and Press

eXtyles: Interview with Elizabeth Blake and Bruce Rosenblum (PLOS Blog)

7. How does eXtyles use the NLM DTD? Bruce Rosenblum: eXtyles users, with no knowledge of XML, can create high-quality XML according to the NLM DTD as a simple one-button action after using eXtyles to easily complete editorial preparation of a manuscript. In other words, eXtyles XML creation is a natural by-product of normal manuscript preparation for publication, and it requires no specialized user knowledge.

ALPSP Awards Spotlight on... Edifix, a cloud based bibliographic references service (ALPSP Blog)

ALPSP: Why do you think it demonstrates publishing innovation?

BR: There are a number of tools on the market for managing bibliographic references; these tools are used primarily by researchers for maintaining reference databases and creating reference lists. Edifix, however, is not a reference manager. Reference managers require structured or fielded reference elements, which for plain-text references – the kind you find in a typical manuscript – involves a lot of cutting, pasting, and re-keying of reference data.

The critical innovation Edifix brings to the bibliographic reference problem is its parsing engine – that is, its sophisticated ability to automatically identify the elements of plain-text references. This ability to accurately burst a reference into its parts and then put it back together enables all of the advanced Edifix services, from copyediting to data correction to structured output (including an output format that will let you import into a reference manager like EndNote without all of that manual labor).